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A successful business year in 2017

Bosch significantly increases sales and earnings

Presentation by
Dr. Volkmar Denner,
chairman of the board of management
of Robert Bosch GmbH
and Prof. Stefan Asenkerschbaumer,
deputy chairman of the board of management
of Robert Bosch GmbH,
at the press briefing on January 29, 2018

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Ladies and gentlemen,

  • Welcome to the 2018 press briefing on our preliminary figures. Thank you for being our guests this evening. We are also pleased to be welcoming international media to this event for the first time.
  • Before we begin with the traditional presentation of our preliminary figures, I would like to say a few words about today’s event.
  • We are here in the new offices of Bosch’s start-up platform, soon to be home to some 200 associates. Of those 200, 150 will work in innovation teams and 50 in start-ups currently supported by the platform; you had the chance to learn about one of these in more detail earlier.
  • Werkzentrum Weststadt, the complex you are in this evening, offers our young entrepreneurs a professional home. Here they can create business models for the connected world, enjoy a creative freedom that allows ideas to grow, and flourish as entrepreneurs. From associate to CEO – here, short career paths are possible and desired.
  • What role will new forms of leadership and collaboration play at Bosch in the future? And not just here in Ludwigsburg, but throughout the entire company? I will go into this in more detail later. After all, the ubiquitous topic of connectivity is not only a question of technology, but also one of corporate culture.
  • First on the agenda this evening is a review of the 2017 business year, and an initial outlook for 2018. What progress is Bosch making with digital transformation? What kind of business success are we achieving with connectivity?
  • This evening, we will show that, for Bosch, connectivity and digitalization are not mere hype or some topic of the far-off future. The company’s transformation has become part of day-to-day operations and is firmly anchored there. Bosch aims to be a leading IoT company. This has long been the case for our mobility solutions business, so we are taking that as our model – with foresight and especially with firm commitment. The transformation provides us with a further opportunity to show that excellence is not only something that exists on paper at Bosch, but in practice as well – in both a technological and a commercial sense.
  • The digital transformation means a major break with the past, but it also offers a promising future. Connectivity delivers technical solutions for many fundamental challenges: population growth, urbanization, aging, and climate change. Our planet can only provide a livable home to billions of people if we find innovative solutions to the most pressing issues of our times. Such solutions need to be smart, connected, and digital – precisely what we are working on.
  • Before we go into the details of the preliminary 2017 figures, I wish to say one thing in our characteristically understated way: we didn’t do too badly. In 2017, we exceeded our growth forecast, and further improved our result. Bosch remains on a growth course.
  • Mr. Asenkerschbaumer will now present the details.

Business year 2017: expectations exceeded, targets met

  • Thank you, Mr. Denner. Good evening, ladies and gentlemen. I will start off with the highlights of the preliminary figures for 2017:

    78 billion euros – sales in 2017
    6.7 percent – sales growth in 2017
    5.3 billion euros – EBIT from operations in 2017
    6.8 percent – EBIT margin from operations in 2017

  • In business terms, 2017 can be summarized as follows: expectations exceeded, targets met.
  • According to preliminary figures, Bosch Group sales rose from 73.1 billion euros to around 78 billion euros – a new record for our company.
  • Sales growth amounted to 6.7 percent, or 8.3 percent after adjusting for exchange-rate effects.
  • As in 2016, last year’s sales results were negatively impacted by exchange-rate effects to the tune of some 1.2 billion euros.

Development of individual business sectors

  • Now I’d like to review how our various business sectors developed. Encouragingly, all business sectors saw considerable growth in 2017.
  • Sales in Mobility Solutions rose by 7.8 percent to 47.4 billion euros. Adjusted for exchange-rate effects, that figure is 9.2 percent. This means the business sector outpaced global automotive production by a factor of three. Many factors drove this highly positive development, including strong demand for diesel injection systems, especially from the commercial-vehicle segment, for gasoline injection systems, and for driver assistance and infotainment systems.
  • Sales generated by the former Starter Motors and Generators division, now SEG Automotive, were included for the last time. We closed on the sale of the business to a Chinese purchaser consortium at the end of 2017.
  • In the Consumer Goods business sector, BSH Hausgeräte and Power Tools generated sales of 18.5 billion euros. This equates to an increase of 4.5 percent, or 6.7 percent when adjusted for exchange-rate effects. Both divisions’ connected product innovations for the home and garden are enjoying ever more popularity.
  • We were particularly pleased with the development of the Industrial Technology business sector. After two years of declining sales, the sector saw powerful growth of 7.7 percent, or 8.5 percent when adjusted for exchange-rate effects. Sales increased to 6.7 billion euros, thanks to the Drive and Control Technology division. Following a reorganization, the division has regained its former strength, and thus demonstrates how restructuring can encourage growth.
  • The Energy and Building Technology business sector achieved sales of 5.4 billion euros, an increase of 3.1 percent, or 4.8 percent after adjusting for exchange-rate effects. Consumers in 2017 wanted connected solutions for heating and air conditioning, plus smart technology for building automation and security. Our services business continues to exhibit strong growth.

Business developments by region

  • Now to the development of sales in the individual regions. Overall, all regions except North America saw growth in 2017.
  • In Europe, Bosch’s business developed well, with sales rising 5.5 percent (6.3 percent after adjusting for exchange-rate effects) to 40.7 billion euros. One of the reasons was continuing growth in western and central Europe.
  • Bosch’s growth in North America was at the same level as the previous year after adjusting for exchange-rate effects. Sales reached 12.1 billion euros, a nominal decline of 2.3 percent. Growth in the automotive industry in particular failed to meet expectations.
  • In South America, the recovery continues with double-digit sales growth of 15 percent. Sales now stand at 1.6 billion euros. After adjusting for exchange-rate effects, this is an increase of 12 percent. Relevant markets for Bosch, such as agriculture, automotive, and pharmaceuticals, continue to recover and are performing well.
  • In Asia Pacific, the Bosch Group generated sales of 23.6 billion euros. Compared to last year, this is a significant increase of 14 percent, or 17 percent after adjusting for exchange-rate effects. The primary driver of this growth was positive business development in China and India.

Development of result in 2017

  • Ladies and gentlemen, the improvement in our EBIT from operations (earnings from operations before interest and taxes) was even better than our positive sales development might suggest.
  • According to preliminary figures, in 2017 the Bosch Group recorded EBIT from operations of 5.3 billion euros – another record high.
  • This equates to an EBIT margin from operations of 6.8 percent.
  • With this, we have surpassed last year’s EBIT from operations of 4.3 billion euros and EBIT margin of 5.8 percent.
  • The increase in EBIT margin from operations by a full percentage point is primarily due to the positive business performance, as well as in small part to a change in how interest expenses for pension provisions are disclosed. Calculated on a like-for-like basis, the EBIT margin has increased by roughly 0.6 percentage points.

Headcount development in 2017

  • As of December 31, 2017, Bosch Group headcount had increased by some 11,200 to approximately 400,500 associates worldwide.
  • New associates were taken on primarily in Asia Pacific and in central and eastern Europe. In Germany, headcount grew by 3,800 associates.
  • How can we summarize business developments in the Bosch Group last year?
  • Sales growth – both nominal and adjusted for exchange-rate effects – exceeded our expectations. Bosch remains on a growth course.
  • Development varied by region and by business sector. However, all business sectors saw considerable growth and contributed to the group’s overall growth.
  • However dynamic the transformation in technology and markets, Bosch is steadfast in its investment in the future. Research and development spending totaled 7.5 billion euros last year.
  • Business developments in 2017 would indicate that the Bosch Group’s innovative strength is still formidable. We are driving our core business forward with great success, even as we shift the company’s focus to connectivity and the internet of things.

Business year 2018: a volatile geopolitical situation

  • Before I speak about our business targets for the new year, let me first take a look at the general situation in 2018.
  • Despite the positive development of the global economy over the past few months, our outlook for 2018 is cautious. Why is that?
  • In contrast to 2017, we are expecting to see slower global growth. True, we expect the global economy to grow by at least a healthy 2.5 percent; however, we see several geopolitical risk factors, such as the Brexit negotiations, the situation in Turkey, and tensions in the Arab world. Other factors clouding the outlook are U.S. foreign policy, which is difficult to predict, and tensions with North Korea.
  • In Europe, we expect the recovery following the years of crisis to continue, and with it, decent business developments in 2018.
  • In view of the rapid growth seen at the end of 2017 and the cuts in the tax rate, our expectations for economic developments in North America are more positive that they were just a few months ago. That said, we anticipate a downturn in the economic cycle as the year proceeds.
  • Despite structural weaknesses, South America will continue its recovery from the crisis and will post positive growth.
  • In Asia Pacific, the slowdown in China’s growth will leave its mark. We assume the Chinese government will actively support measures to correct overcapacity and excessive levels of debt, which will slow economic growth temporarily.
  • In terms of industrial sectors, the picture is a varied one:
  • Growth in global vehicle production in 2018 will remain below 2017 levels. We are expecting weaker growth in automotive production in our core markets, such as China and Europe.
  • For the mechanical engineering industry, we expect moderate, albeit initially strong, upward momentum.
  • Due largely to continued low interest rates and low inflation, we expect a more positive picture in private demand, in keeping with the broader upward economic trend. We expect to see a slight uptick in developed countries in particular.
  • Against this geopolitical backdrop, what are the Bosch Group’s business targets for 2018?
  • We plan to further increase sales and earnings. In 2018, we must continue to systematically boost the competitiveness of all our business sectors. We will continue to invest large amounts in the future of the company, especially in mobility.
  • Mr. Denner will now provide more specifics on our plans: how we will pool our expertise, leverage strategic progress, and take deliberate steps to translate the transformation into a commercial advantage.

Digital transformation: day-to-day business at Bosch

  • Thank you, Mr. Asenkerschbaumer. Ladies and gentlemen, I want to start the second half of our presentation by asking a question. Has the digital transformation already taken place, or is it still underway?
  • I believe we need to be fully aware that we are just at the beginning. Industries and markets have yet to see the full disruptive impact of connectivity, which will lead to major upheaval. Bosch recognized this trend early on. As early as 2008, so ten years ago, we made our first acquisition for today’s internet of things in the form of Bosch Software Innovations. And back in 2011, we underlined the importance of seeing the car as part of the internet. It is perhaps because Bosch was a pioneer in this area that the company is already in the thick of the digital transformation today. In fact, it has become part of our day-to-day business.
  • However, we must realize one thing: although Bosch had an excellent head start, there is still a long way to go. The digital transformation is becoming a constant in an environment driven by technology and market changes.
  • Despite this, our IoT strategy is starting to bear fruit. Let me give you a few facts to illustrate this:
  • Bosch Software Innovations has already designed, developed, and carried out 250 international IoT projects.
  • We are currently working on 170 IoT projects of our own in areas as varied as connected mobility, connected buildings, connected industry, and connected agriculture.
  • We sold 38 million web-enabled products in 2017.
  • Today, the Bosch IoT Suite connects 6.2 million sensors, devices, and machines with users and company applications.
  • We recognized the potential of connectivity early on, and have been systematically preparing ourselves for it for nearly ten years. For example, we have steadily expanded our software and IT expertise. With over 25,000 software experts, today we are a software company, too. But how do we differ from internet companies in the U.S. and Asia? Where Silicon Valley connects the digital world, Bosch connects the real world. Above all, our approach in the internet of things is aimed at achieving concrete improvements in people’s real, everyday lives.

Broad range of IoT solutions for fundamental challenges

  • Let’s take a look at some of the highlights in the range of Bosch IoT projects:
  • Connected mobility: In major U.S. metropolitan areas and a number of cities in Europe, the community-based parking solution Bosch devised is helping to reduce the number of miles driven in the search for parking.
  • Connected cities: Some 7,700 kilometers from here is the northern Chinese city of Tianjin, which Bosch plans to turn into a smart city. The Smart Tianjin initiative aims to enhance efficiency and quality of life in the port city, which is home to 15 million people. This smart city project is one of 14 beacon projects worldwide that Bosch is currently spearheading. For smart cities, we offer solutions for energy, buildings, mobility, security, safety, and e-governance.
  • Connected homes: For the smart kitchen, for example, we offer not just connected household appliances, but also digital services. Our Home Connect ecosystem incorporates a cooking app created by the Kitchen Stories start-up; the app has already been downloaded more than 15 million times. Available in 12 languages, the app contains over 1,000 recipes and uses videos and photos to demonstrate how to prepare them.
  • Connected agriculture: Located 9,500 kilometers from here, Fazenda Santa Fé is one of Brazil’s largest cattle ranches. With the help of Bosch sensors, software, and services, ranchers can monitor things like the weight gain of their livestock. Brazil alone has 100 million head of cattle, Argentina has 50 million, and the U.S. has another 100 million.
  • Our customers are already using sensor-based solutions in the cultivation of produce such as tomatoes, strawberries, and asparagus. Bosch technology is even being used in oyster farming – a major industry in Tasmania. Meanwhile, our cloud-based milk monitoring system helps dairies and dairy farmers ensure that their milk doesn’t spoil.
  • One of the biggest problems in agriculture is plant disease. In Japan, we are employing artificial intelligence (AI) and analyzing sensor data in the Bosch IoT Cloud to predict the risk of disease when growing tomatoes.
  • We made further strides in broadening our AI expertise in 2017. In addition to the 300 million euros we’re investing in expanding the Bosch Center for Artificial Intelligence’s locations in Germany, India, and U.S., we’re investing further funds in research into concrete applications in partnerships as well. Bosch is working with the University of Amsterdam, a leader in the field of AI, on the Delta Lab research initiative. In total, 10 million euros are flowing into this partnership and into Cyber Valley, which we operate together with the University of Tübingen and other partners.

Fewer accidents: automated driving is here

  • We envision mobility that is without emissions, without stress, and without accidents. Simply making better cars will no longer be enough; we need new conceptions of mobility. To that end, we will automate, electrify, and connect road vehicles.
  • Last spring, we premiered our onboard AI computer, which will guide cars through new and complex traffic situations in the future. The computer is capable of up to 30 trillion floating-point operations per second – three times as many as a human brain. Serving as the brain of self-driving cars, the onboard computer will go into production at the beginning of the next decade.
  • At the same time, we are working with Daimler to enable fully automated and driverless driving in urban environments – driverless driving meaning vehicles such as robocabs and the driverless delivery of shared vehicles. The first test vehicles will be on the roads as early as sometime in the next few months.
  • We also worked with Daimler last summer on realizing driverless parking in the Mercedes-Benz Museum parking garage. The world’s first infrastructure-based solution for automated valet parking will go live this year.
  • In addition, we have set up a strategic partnership with Baidu in China to collaborate on applying connectivity to transport.
  • These projects exemplify how Bosch is driving forward the automation of transport by collaborating with partners who could not be more different – computer companies, automakers, and IT and internet companies.

Less stress: two-wheeler connectivity

  • In response to the increasing number of mobility and IoT applications for semiconductors, we are building a new wafer fab in Dresden. Starting in 2021, as many as 700 associates will be producing 300-mm wafers in a facility worth over a billion euros.
  • Semiconductors are the core components of all electronic systems, including connected e-bikes. Bosch has electrified the bicycle industry and helped e-bikes achieve a breakthrough. Before that, the sector was largely analog; we now aim to digitalize it further. As a counterpart to our Nyon
  • e-bike computer, we bought the connected biking start-up COBI.Bike in 2017. Its products and technology platform allow cyclists to use their smartphones as navigation, infotainment, and display devices. You can already test Bosch’s newly developed ABS for bicycles yourself. It will make cycling much safer.
  • Since we launched our COUP e-scooter service in Berlin in 2016, our customers there have been able to use an app to locate and reserve an
  • e-scooter at any time, and then immediately drive it off. Since last summer, users in Paris have been able to head to the Arc de Triomphe on one of COUP’s 600 e-scooters in the French capital. Starting this summer, people in Madrid will be able to rent our e-scooters, too. All in all, there are approximately 3,500 COUP scooters on the road, producing zero emissions locally. Within a matter of months, COUP has evolved to become one of the leading e-scooter sharing services.

A realistic goal: a low-emissions, carbon-neutral combustion engine

  • This addresses one of the most urgent traffic problems facing cities today: how can goods be transported and people move from A to B without jeopardizing air quality? We are working on answers to this question. Considering environmental requirements and technical potential, we believe a mix of combustion engines and electric vehicles will be on the road for a long time yet.
  • As regards diesel, our test vehicles already meet 2020 limits. In addition to that, we are currently working on systems that are comfortably beneath these limits.
  • With gasoline engines, too, we want to do our part to protect the environment; hence our focus on particulate emissions. For this reason, as of the middle of last year, in Europe we no longer accept orders in which the engine design does not include a particulate filter.
  • We see an alternative path for Bosch in the future: we no longer want to make do with the limits set by lawmakers. We have formulated a clear objective for our engineers: a combustion engine should fundamentally “breathe out” only what it “breathes in.” With the exception of CO2, emissions should not differ significantly from the ambient air. When powered with synfuels, such engines can even be carbon-neutral.

Lower emissions: market and technological successes in electromobility

  • At the same time, we are going full throttle with electromobility. We acquired numerous orders last year, some worth billions of euros. Our customers range from traditional automakers to new players, most of them in Europe and Asia. Our customers benefit from production-tested parts and from our expertise in systems integration.
  • A new 48-volt battery for hybrid vehicles will go into production at the end of this year. Market forecasts estimate that some 15 million new vehicles will be partly electrified with 48-volt systems by 2025.
  • Combining motor, control unit, charger, display, and app, the 48-volt system is a comprehensive drive system for small and light vehicles – a segment that is seeing strong growth, particularly in Asia. By 2020, some 100 million light electric vehicles will roll off production lines worldwide, many destined for the urban environment. Thanks to our complete, standardized system, established manufacturers and start-ups alike can eliminate long and expensive development processes, as electromobility becomes more affordable for a broader market.
  • The same goes for our electric axle, or e-axle. This all-in-one solution integrates an electric motor, power electronics, and transmission in a single system. The e-axle offers tremendous business potential. Starting in 2019, it will be available for installation in hybrids and electric cars, compact cars, SUVs, and even light trucks.
  • We are creating the world’s first e-axle for heavy trucks in collaboration with the U.S. start-up Nikola Motor Company. Powertrain-wise, the company is also very advanced: as of 2021, the Nikola One und Nikola Two trucks will be powered by hydrogen. Fuel cells in a heavy truck – another world first.
  • The Chinese government has also recognized the potential of fuel cells, particularly for commercial vehicles, and has formulated an ambitious strategy for them as part of its current Five-Year Plan. By 2025, it intends to have the necessary infrastructure in place to allow hydrogen vehicles to be launched on the market. To this end, Bosch is partnering with Weichai, the country’s biggest truck engine manufacturer, to launch fuel-cell powertrains for commercial vehicles in what is currently the world’s largest electromobility market.
  • We aim to mirror the momentum in the powertrain sector in our organizational structure. Our new division, Powertrain Solutions, began operations at the start of this year. It pools all our powertrain expertise – diesel, gasoline, and electromobility – in one organization. At more than 60 locations in 25 countries, some 88,000 associates are working together on the powertrain of the future.
  • As you can see, whether hydrocarbon fuel or electricity, Bosch is driving the powertrain. In the electromobility business, no automotive supplier is as broadly diversified as Bosch – from bicycles to trucks, we electrify it all.

  • As you know, we’re currently examining the possibility of manufacturing our own battery cells. By 2030, some 1,000 gigawatt hours of battery capacity will be required worldwide. In order to secure a market share of 20 percent and, with it, a leading position, an investment of some 20 billion euros would be necessary for a manufacturing capacity of 200 gigawatt hours.
  • From an entrepreneurial perspective, such a decision needs to be weighed up carefully. Such a move offers opportunities, as well as many risks. After all, it’s not just a question of technology; entering into cell production is above all a commercial undertaking that has to make economic sense. Many unknowns as well as technological and especially market developments can only be predicted with difficulty or a high degree of uncertainty, due to the long planning period.
  • Today’s cell market is primarily divided between five Asian manufacturers. And with future cell technologies as well, it will be the scene of a fierce price war. Established market players have a strong competitive advantage. Since materials costs – including raw materials – are responsible for three-quarters of the value created, there only remains a narrow scope for creating and exploiting competitive advantages.
  • On the subject of cell production, there is another factor that will affect our decision. We have to ask ourselves how important it will be for commercial success in the electromobility arena. As I’ve already pointed out, Bosch is already very well positioned in the electromobility business as it is.
  • We expect to be able to let you know our decision within the next few weeks.

The city: a smart living space for six billion people

  • Ladies and gentlemen, in about 30 years, two-thirds of the global population – six billion people – will be living in cities. Some conurbations in Africa and Asia will surpass 50 million residents.
  • By 2050, urban traffic will nearly quadruple in volume. Cities today already cause 80 percent of all greenhouse-gas emissions and consume 75 percent of the world’s energy. Going forward, the quality of life in cities will depend to a large extent on intelligent and connected solutions.
  • Between now and 2020, the smart-city market will grow 19 percent each year to reach 700 billion euros. And by 2025, 80 conurbations around the world will be smart cities. In this sector, we can draw on our broad portfolio and cross-domain expertise.
  • One key factor for the quality of life in a city is its air quality. That is why Bosch collaborated with Intel to develop Climo, a mobile air lab. No larger than a shoebox, Climo measures 12 air-quality parameters. It can provide information about the concentration of carbon dioxide and even pollen in real time. The data can be used as a basis for managing traffic flows, for instance, or to help residents decide if the air quality is good enough for sports or other activities. The smart lab was recently honored with a CES Innovation Award.

Mobility Solutions is the largest Bosch Group business sector. In 2018, its sales came to 47.6 billion euros, or 61 percent of total group sales. This makes the Bosch Group one of the leading automotive suppliers. The Mobility Solutions business sector pursues a vision of mobility that is accident-free. emissions-free, and fascinating, and combines the group’s expertise in the domains of automation, electrification, and connectivity. For its customers, the outcome is integrated mobility solutions. The business sector’s main areas of activity are injection technology and powertrain peripherals for internal-combustion engines, diverse solutions for powertrain electrification, vehicle safety systems, driver-assistance and automated functions, technology for user-friendly infotainment as well as vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication, repair-shop concepts, and technology and services for the automotive aftermarket. Bosch is synonymous with important automotive innovations, such as electronic engine management, the ESP anti-skid system, and common-rail diesel technology.

The Bosch Group is a leading global supplier of technology and services. It employs roughly 410,000 associates worldwide (as of December 31, 2018). The company generated sales of 78.5 billion euros in 2018. Its operations are divided into four business sectors: Mobility Solutions, Industrial Technology, Consumer Goods, and Energy and Building Technology. As a leading IoT company, Bosch offers innovative solutions for smart homes, smart cities, connected mobility, and connected manufacturing. It uses its expertise in sensor technology, software, and services, as well as its own IoT cloud, to offer its customers connected, cross-domain solutions from a single source. The Bosch Group’s strategic objective is to deliver innovations for a connected life. Bosch improves quality of life worldwide with products and services that are innovative and spark enthusiasm. In short, Bosch creates technology that is “Invented for life.” The Bosch Group comprises Robert Bosch GmbH and its roughly 460 subsidiary and regional companies in over 60 countries. Including sales and service partners, Bosch’s global manufacturing, engineering, and sales network covers nearly every country in the world. The basis for the company’s future growth is its innovative strength. At nearly 130 locations across the globe, Bosch employs some 68,700 associates in research and development.

Additional information is available online at www.bosch.com, www.iot.bosch.com, www.bosch-press.com, www.twitter.com/BoschPresse.

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