Bosch safety systems prevent accidents and mitigate the effects
Bosch board of management member Dr. Dirk Hoheisel: “Bosch technologies can protect human life around the world.”
WHO and Global NCAP call for wider adoption of legal regulations
Stuttgart, Germany and Brasilia, Brazil – Every day, more than 3,000 people worldwide lose their lives in traffic accidents, according to Global NCAP. These fatalities are often the result of vehicles that are inadequately equipped – especially in emerging markets – and which therefore provide poor protection for passengers and pedestrians. “For Bosch, every traffic fatality is one too many. With our technologies, we can protect human life around the world,” says Dr. Dirk Hoheisel, member of the Bosch board of management. Bosch therefore supports the “Stop the Crash” initiative of the consumer association Global New Car Assessment Program (Global NCAP). The campaign’s objective is to boost awareness of safety systems such as ESP, emergency braking systems, and motorcycle ABS, particularly in growth markets. The effectiveness of the different technologies will be featured in driving demonstrations at the kick-off event of the initiative in Brasilia from November 17 to 19. “Stop the Crash” also supports the United Nations in its aim to halve the number of traffic fatalities worldwide – currently 1.25 million per year – by 2020.
ESP has prevented 260,000 traffic accidents in Europe since 1995 Bosch has been working for many years on the vision of accident- and injury-free driving. And the supplier of technology and services has already achieved considerable success in this regard: since Bosch launched the ESP electronic stability program in 1995, it has prevented nearly 260,000 traffic accidents and saved some 8,500 lives in Europe alone according to an accident research study by Bosch. “After the seat belt, ESP is the most important vehicle safety system – even more important than the airbag,” Hoheisel says. If all vehicles were equipped with the anti-skid system, up to 80 percent of all skidding accidents could be prevented. Bosch has manufactured more than 150 million ESP systems since 1995.
Nine out of ten new vehicles across Europe are already equipped with ESP Since November 1, 2014, ESP has been mandatory within the European Union for all newly registered cars and light commercial vehicles weighing up to 3.5 metric tons. Across Europe, 90 percent of all new cars and light commercial vehicles are therefore already equipped with ESP. By way of comparison, the worldwide figure stands at only 64 percent. Global NCAP is therefore calling on UN member states, especially those with a significant automaking industry, to mandate ESP for all new vehicles by 2020. The World Health Organization (WHO) is also calling for legal regulations to mandate ESP. A large number of human lives around the world could be saved as a result. Outside the EU, the anti-skid system is now also mandated in Australia, Canada, Israel, New Zealand, Russia, South Korea, Japan, Turkey, and the United States.
Bosch emergency braking systems protect vulnerable road users ESP is also the basic technology for many driver assistance systems which intervene to support drivers in potentially dangerous situations – such as changing lanes or staying in their lane, or taking evasive action and braking when encountering an obstacle. Rear-end collisions are among the worst – especially if pedestrians or bicyclists are involved. Automatic emergency braking systems can prevent such collisions entirely – or, at the very least, considerably mitigate their impact. If a radar or video sensor detects a potential obstacle ahead of the car, the braking system is first prepared for a full emergency braking maneuver, and the driver is warned. If the driver fails to respond, the system performs a partial braking maneuver. As soon as the driver steps on the brakes, the system increases braking power to prevent the accident. If the driver also fails to respond to the partial braking maneuver and the system detects that a collision is unavoidable, it autonomously performs a full emergency braking maneuver. At speeds of up to 40 kilometers an hour in urban traffic, the Bosch emergency braking system can completely prevent collisions with stationary vehicles.
Potential for up to 72 percent fewer rear-end collisions in Germany alone In Germany alone, according to Bosch accident research, up to 72 percent of all rear-end collisions resulting in injury could be prevented if all vehicles were equipped with an automatic emergency braking system. Bosch offers automatic emergency braking systems for all vehicle classes. Its MRR mid-range radar sensor in particular provides the basis for a cost-effective solution for compact and small cars. In 2014, just under one-quarter of all newly registered passenger cars in Germany were equipped with an emergency braking system. In the United States, leading automakers are currently committed to offering automatic emergency braking systems in vehicles as standard.
Motorcycle ABS: one-quarter fewer accidents involving casualties As early as the mid-1990s, Bosch developed an antilock braking system for the safety of motorcyclists. “ABS can prevent one-quarter of all motorcycle accidents involving casualties,” Hoheisel says. Many countries now therefore have legislation mandating this safety system. Like in a car, ABS also prevents a motorcycle’s wheels from locking up during emergency braking. Motorcyclists can therefore brake without fear, and with greater force. The motorcycle remains stable and the rider is prevented from taking a spill. Bosch has suitable solutions for every type of motorized two-wheeler. In addition to the optimization of size and weight, the focus is on reducing costs, so as to make ABS technology available for all vehicle classes and markets. This also includes the price-sensitive two-wheelers with up to 250 cc displacement which are popular in emerging markets.
New ABS value added function “vehicle hold control” to debut in Ducati’s new Multistrada 1200 Enduro
Hoheisel: “We’re using software to make riding a motorcycle more relaxed”
Vehicle hold control makes handling heavy bikes easier
Milan, Italy/Stuttgart, Germany – Motorcycle ABS does more than save lives. Bosch is also using it as the basis for realizing additional and beneficial functions, which are programmed into the ABS control unit by means of smart algorithms. “We’re using software to make riding a motorcycle more relaxed,” says Dr. Dirk Hoheisel, the member of the board of management of Robert Bosch GmbH whose responsibilities include the Two-Wheeler & Powersports business unit. The latest example of an ABS value-added function for motorcycles to emerge from Bosch is its “vehicle hold control” electrohydraulic parking brake. By preventing the bike from rolling away when it comes to a stop on an incline or a flat surface, this function saves the rider from having to continuously engage the hand or foot brake. Ducati is offering Bosch’s new function as a standard feature on its Multistrada 1200 Enduro, which will have its market debut in 2016.
Vehicle hold control makes handling heavy motorcycles easier Vehicle hold control represents a further improvement of the hill hold control function. To activate the function while stopped, all the rider needs to do is quickly pull the hand brake lever or step on the foot brake. The ABS then memorizes how much brake pressure is needed and applies it to the rear wheel, thus holding the motorcycle safely in place. On the Ducati Multistrada 1200 Enduro, the vehicle hold control function stays activated for around ten seconds. When this time is up, the rider is warned before the brake is automatically and slowly released. The rider can also deactivate the vehicle hold control function at any time or override it by driving off. Particularly when it comes to heavy bikes, the vehicle hold control function makes handling easier – not only when starting on a slope.
Bosch’s two-channel ABS based on electronic combined braking system The vehicle hold control function works on the basis of Bosch’s ABS enhanced, a two-channel antilock braking system with an electronic combined braking system. When the rider applies the front brake, ABS enhanced automatically engages the rear brake as well and distributes the brake pressure optimally between the front and rear wheels. ABS enhanced is also the basis for Bosch’s MSC enhanced, the motorcycle stability control which is used in the Ducati Multistrada 1200 Enduro. A type of ESP for two-wheelers, MSC automatically adjusts brake pressure depending on the riding situation.
New motorcycle ABS10 is up to 30 percent lighter than current ABS9
Cost-effective solution for price-sensitive small motorcycle segment
Hoheisel: “We are bringing ABS technology to all vehicle classes and markets”
ABS can prevent one-quarter of all motorcycle accidents resulting in casualties
More and more developing markets are mandating motorcycle ABS
Milan/Stuttgart – Shorter braking distances, fewer accidents, greater safety – ABS makes riding a motorcycle safer. “ABS can prevent one-quarter of all motorcycle accidents resulting in casualties,” says Bosch board of management member Dr. Dirk Hoheisel, quoting from GIDAS, the German In-Depth Accident Study. Bosch will be presenting a new generation of its motorcycle antilock braking system at the EICMA trade show in Milan (November 19–22). Launching next year, the latest version of this life-saving technology has been designed with the needs of emerging markets like India and Indonesia in mind. ABS10 is smaller and lighter than previous versions: compared to the current ABS9, Bosch engineers have managed to reduce the weight by almost 30 percent and the size by almost 45 percent. As well as optimizing size and weight, Bosch focused on reducing costs. As a result, the system is now also suitable for use in small motorcycles with up to 250cc displacement – a segment that is both price-sensitive and popular in emerging markets. “We are bringing our ABS technology to all vehicle classes and markets,” Hoheisel says.
Motorcycle market growing – especially in emerging markets More than one in three new motorcycles manufactured in Europe is now fitted with ABS. In emerging markets, however, the safety system has always been a fringe issue to date. But in many Asian countries – such as India, Indonesia, and Thailand – low-cost motorcycles count as the most important means of transportation. It is for this target group that Bosch has developed the new, smaller generation of ABS comprising a one-channel and a two-channel solution. “In the next five years, we are expecting significant growth in the market for motorcycle safety systems. A major driver of this is growing demand in emerging markets. Our new, cost-effective ABS10 greatly increases safety for motorcyclists in these regions,” Hoheisel says.
Accident analyses in Thailand and Indonesia show that ABS saves lives Evidence of the extent to which motorcycle ABS increases safety can be found in accident analyses conducted in Indonesia and Thailand. Each year some 21,000 people die in motorcycle accidents in these two countries. Studies show that roughly one in four accidents could have been prevented with the help of ABS. The antilock braking system enables riders to brake without fear, so they react more quickly and with more power. For example, it prevents the front wheel from locking during an emergency braking maneuver. This means the motorcycle remains stable, making it easier to avoid a fall. Even in many unavoidable accidents, the safety system would have helped minimize injuries and save lives. This is primarily through a reduction in the speed of impact. Another study from India concludes that motorcycle ABS could prevent one in three motorcycle accidents outside built-up areas in the country. It would reduce the speed of impact in a further 16 percent of accidents.
Worldwide, ever more countries are promoting motorcycle ABS These figures amply demonstrate the safety benefits of fitting motorcycle ABS. The benefit has already been recognized in the European Union. As of 2017, all newly registered motorized two-wheelers with more than 125cc displacement throughout the EU must be fitted with an antilock braking system. In Japan, ABS will be mandatory from October 2018 for new type approvals for motorcycles with more than 125cc. In emerging markets such as Brazil and Taiwan, too, laws mandating ABS in the future have already been passed. The issue is also on the political agenda in India and the United States. “We welcome the decisions around the world to make ABS standard. This will greatly reduce the number of motorcycle accidents,” Hoheisel says.
Bosch ABS solutions for all kinds of motorized two-wheelers Bosch offers ABS solutions to suit all kinds of motorized two-wheelers. Since the mid-1990s, the supplier of technology and services has manufactured more than two million antilock braking systems for motorcycles. Bosch already offers a cost-effective solution here: last spring, Indian manufacturer Bajaj began offering Generation 9 front ABS – a one-channel solution for motorcycles with hydraulic brakes only on the front wheel – as an optional feature in the Pulsar RS 200. The versatility of the motorcycle ABS range is one of the reasons that Bosch received India’s Car & Bike Award in the Technology of the Year category at the end of January. Piaggio has also opted for the Bosch front ABS system in its Liberty ABS, the new motor-scooter generation just launched in the Vietnamese market.