Business/economy

For clean and economical diesel engines Bosch produces its 75 millionth common-rail system Success story began in 1997

  • Bosch is the world’s leading supplier of common-rail systems
  • Diesel offers further potential for reducing emissions and consumption
  • Up to 2,500 bar injection pressure in the future
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  • December 22, 2011
  • Business/economy
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press release

This year, Bosch celebrates its second diesel anniversary: following on from 75 years of diesel in passenger cars, in December the company is celebrating the production of its 75 millionth common-rail system. This technology, which was first used in cars 14 years ago, marked the start of a new image for diesel. In 1997, the share of diesel passenger cars sold in western Europe was 22 percent, whereas today every second newly registered passenger car is a diesel. “In the past, diesel engines were seen as economical and robust. The modern common-rail diesel is just as efficient and durable, but it is also extremely dynamic, comfortable, and eco-friendly. Common-rail high-pressure injection, in conjunction with turbocharging, has revolutionized the diesel engine,” says Dr. Markus Heyn, executive vice president passenger cars in the Bosch Diesel Systems division. Continuous improvements by Bosch will make diesel engines even more efficient in the future. For instance, by 2015 diesel-powered compact cars are set to consume just 3.6 liters per 100 kilometers. Compared to standard diesel-powered cars in 2009, that represents a fuel-saving of some 30 percent. And if hybrid technology is used, fuel consumption in diesel engines can be brought down by around 40 percent.

Rapid growth in unit sales
The first customers for common-rail systems in 1997 were Alfa Romeo, for its 156 JTD model, and Mercedes, for the C220 CDI. Unit sales of common-rail systems grew rapidly in the following years. By 2001, three million Bosch common-rail systems were in use, by 2002 the figure had already grown to ten million, and by the start of 2009 it was 50 million. The necessary components are produced in an international manufacturing network comprising 17 locations. In 2011 alone, Bosch produced some nine million common-rail systems, which were fitted in passenger cars, commercial vehicles, in the off-highway segment, and also in large diesel engines such as those found in ships.

Future common-rail technology with up to 2,500 bar
The name “common rail” is a reference to the pressure accumulator from which fuel is injected at high pressure into the cylinders via the injectors connected to it. The possibility of multiple injections that this allows makes engines quieter and reduces fuel consumption, as well as cutting emissions of CO2 and other pollutants. The first generation of common-rail systems operates at a pressure of 1,350 bar, but today's CRS2 achieves up to 2,000 bar. Fuel is precisely metered by solenoid valves that allow up to eight single injections per power cycle. CRS2 can be used around the world in all passenger car classes as well as in light commercial vehicles and the off-highway segment. Bosch also offers CRS3 with piezo injectors for the most demanding applications. This makes it possible to meter the tiniest amounts of fuel even more precisely for pre- and post-injection, which serves to further reduce NOx emissions and make the engine operate even more quietly. In this system, the injection pressure is as high as 2,200 bar. Bosch engineers are already working on common-rail systems with 2,500 bar and more. This means the diesel engine is well equipped for the future. In conjunction with NOx exhaust gas treatment such as Bosch Denoxtronic, common-rail technology makes it possible to meet the strictest emissions regulations, including Euro 6 in Europe from 2014 or Tier 2 Bin 5 in the United States. Diesel vehicles equipped with the necessary technology are already available in the European and U.S. markets.

Automotive Technology is the largest Bosch Group business sector. In 2013, its sales came to 30.6 billion euros, or 66 percent of total group sales. This makes the Bosch Group one of the leading automotive suppliers (NB: Due to a change in accounting policies, the 2013 figures can only be compared to a limited extent with the 2012 figures). Automotive Technology largely operates in the following areas: injection technology for internal-combustion engines, alternative powertrain concepts, efficient and networked powertrain peripherals, systems for active and passive driving safety, assistance and comfort functions, technology for user-friendly infotainment as well as car-to-car and Car2X communication, and concepts, technology, and service for the automotive aftermarket. Bosch has been responsible for important automotive innovations, such as electronic engine management, the ESP anti-skid system, and common-rail diesel technology.

The Bosch Group is a leading global supplier of technology and services. In 2013, its roughly 281,000 associates generated sales of 46.1 billion euros. (NB: Due to a change in accounting policies, the 2013 figures can only be compared to a limited extent with the 2012 figures). Its operations are divided into four business sectors: Automotive Technology, Industrial Technology, Consumer Goods, and Energy and Building Technology. The Bosch Group comprises Robert Bosch GmbH and its roughly 360 subsidiaries and regional companies in some 50 countries. If its sales and service partners are included, then Bosch is represented in roughly 150 countries. This worldwide development, manufacturing, and sales network is the foundation for further growth. In 2013, the Bosch Group invested some 4.5 billion euros in research and development and applied for some 5,000 patents. This is an average of 20 patents per day. The Bosch Group’s products and services are designed to fascinate, and to improve the quality of life by providing solutions which are both innovative and beneficial. In this way, the company offers technology worldwide that is “Invented for life.”

Further information is available online at www.bosch.com and www.bosch-press.com, http://twitter.com/BoschPresse.

PI7583 - December 22, 2011

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